Perspectives on Prayer from Faithful Examples

Perspectives on Prayer from Faithful Examples

During the early stages of the pandemic, the screen time for most people in the United States went up drastically. Some reported more than 500%-850% increase in screen time as people were glued to their phones and devices as they perused social media for information about COVID-19, watched online worship services, and connected with small groups from their church through Zoom meetings.

While the pandemic increased screen time and Netflix consumption, it likely caused our prayer time to decrease in some way. At first, prayers were offered up for the protection of our families and churches from the impact of COVID-19, but over time, the emphasis on prayer has decreased.

Suddenly, out of nowhere, another tragedy has struck our struggling nation after the tragic death of George Floyd. In what appears, by all video accounts, to be excess of force, mistreatment of a human being, and injustice that led to a wrongful death—our nation has been swallowed up in controversy related to this tragedy. From peaceful and lawful protests to unlawful rioting, burning of buildings, burning and destruction of police cars, violent attacks on police officers, and looting major cities.

If there was ever a time to pray, it’s now. Let us pray earnestly and without ceasing for God to intervene. As I was considering the topic of prayer, I’ve been reading through The Works of George Swinnock and in chapter 12 of volume 1, we find an entire treatise of prayer. Not only does he have much wisdom to share about the subject of prayer, but many others throughout history have provided great exhortations regarding the importance of Christian prayer.

My aim in sharing the perspectives of prayer with you from trusted voices of the past and present would be to encourage you to pray more and to pray earnestly regarding our nation and for the Church of Jesus in America as we deal with these difficult tragedies.

George Swinnock on Prayer

If he be on the top of a house with Peter, he may pray; if he be in the bottom of the ocean with Jonah, he may pray; if he be walking in the field with Isaac, he may pray when no eye seeth him; if he be waiting at table with Nehemiah, he may pray when no ear heareth him,; if he be in the mountains with our Saviour, he may pray; if we be in the prison with Paul, he may pray; wherever he is, prayer will help him to find God out. [1]

He went on to write:

By prayer fire hath been quenched, waters divided, the mouths of lions stopped, iron gates opened, the bottles of heaven opened and stopped, the course of nature overturned, diseases removed, health restored, sin subdued, grace bestowed, kingdoms supported, church enemies scattered, the blind restored, the dead enlivened, devils dispossessed, and the blessed God himself conquered. [2]

D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones on Prayer

It is the highest activity of the human soul, and therefore it is at the same time the ultimate test of a man’s true spiritual condition. There is nothing that tells the truth about us as Christian people so much as our prayer life. Everything we do in the Christian life is easier than prayer. [3]

Thomas Nettles on Prayer

Prayer must not be approached only as a means for the gain of something else. Prayer is in itself good and at the heart of our worship of the Triune God. [4]

John Owen on Prayer

He who prays as he ought will endeavor to live as he prays. [5]

Charles Spurgeon on Prayer

No man can do me a truer kindness in this world than to pray for me. [6]

Jerry Bridges on Prayer

Prayer assumes the sovereignty of God. If God is not sovereign, we have no assurance that He is able to answer our prayers. Our prayers would become nothing more than wishes. But while God’s sovereignty, along with his wisdom and love, is the foundation of our trust in Him, prayer is the expression of that trust. [7]

John Bunyan on Prayer

Prayer will make a man cease from sin, or sin will entice a man to cease from prayer. [8]

John Calvin on Prayer

To know God as the Master and Bestower of all good things, who invites us to request them of Him, and still not go to Him and ask of Him – this would be of as little profit as for a man to neglect a treasure, buried and hidden in the earth, after it had been pointed out to him. [9]

In Matthew 6, Jesus taught on the subject of prayer and provided an example or model prayer for his followers. Jesus taught us to be dependent upon God and to make our requests and needs known to our heavenly Father. Not only did Jesus teach on the subject, he likewise exemplified how to pray. In Mark 1:35, we find these words, “And rising very early in the morning, while it was still dark, he departed and went out to a desolate place, and there he prayed.”

If we spend more time praying and less time screaming at one another on social media—when we do speak up it will be clear, bold, and communicated with confidence in the sufficiency of Scripture, the sovereignty of God, and the saving power of the gospel.

  1. George Swinnock, The Works of George Swinnock, M.A., Vol. 1 (Edinburgh: James Nichol, 1868), 107.
  2. Ibid., 107-108.
  3. D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, Vol 2 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971), 46.
  4. Thomas Nettles, “Concerts of Prayer,” Revival Commentary, v. 2, n. 1, p. 11.
  5. John Owen, The Grace and Duty of Being Spiritually Minded, (Ada, Michigan: Baker, 1977), 59.
  6. Charles Spurgeon, Spurgeon at His Best, (Ada, Michigan: Baker, 1991), 143.
  7. Jerry Bridges, Trusting God, (Colorado Springs, CO: NavPress 1988), 107.
  8. John Bunyan, A Puritan Golden Treasury, compiled by I.D.E. Thomas, (Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 2000), 211.
  9. John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, 850.
You Pray Not Because You Read Not

You Pray Not Because You Read Not

Far too often, Christians complain that they’re not praying enough. Statistics point to the reality that many evangelicals find time for recreation, physical fitness, soccer practices, and business responsibilities—but they spend precious little time in prayer. In fact, according to Barna Research Group, 82% of Americans pray silently and alone rather than with the gathered church with only 2% praying with the gathered church family. 

So, what’s the cause? Are we busier than Christians were in the past? Perhaps we are busier, but aren’t we more connected through technology to useful tools to make our lives more efficient? So, why are we spending less time in prayer and more time on other things?

The problem may not be soccer practice or business responsibilities that’s crowding out our prayer time. The problem is likely connected to a lack of time in God’s Word. Those who spend time in the Word typically spend time in prayer as well. The neglect of God’s Word precipitates a neglect of prayer. According to a Pew Forum research study, there’s a direct connection between the frequency of the study of Scripture and prayer. 

As we read Psalm 119, we find the opening section focused on God’s Word and the importance of the precepts, statutes, testimonies, commandments, and rules of God. In verse four, the psalmist writes:

You have commanded your precepts to be kept diligently.

This is what God has commanded—that his Word be kept with diligence. So, what does the psalmist do next? He prays! In verse five we find the following words of the psalmist:

Oh that my ways may be steadfast in keeping your statutes!

The reading and meditation of God’s Word resulted in the psalmist turning to God in prayer to request that God would keep him steadfastly focused on obeying God’s Word. If that’s true of the psalmist—it’s likely the same result for us today. Thomas Brooks once said, “The best and sweetest flowers of Paradise God gives to His people when they are upon their knees. Prayer is the gate of heaven, a key to let us in to Paradise.” The more we read and internalize God’s Word, the more we will need to pray.

  1. We will need to pray as a result of seeing the imperfections and faults in our own life. The Holy Spirit reveals sin and confronts our hearts through the Scriptures.
  2. We will need to pray to request God’s strength in order to walk faithfully in obedience.
  3. We will want to pray in order to praise God and worship him.
  4. We will desire to pray in order to make our needs known to God.
  5. We will have a desire to pray out of thanksgiving for all of God’s blessings—none of which are greater than the blood sacrifice of his Son for our redemption. 

Rather than trying to figure out tricks that would enable you to pray to God more efficiently—why not begin with carving out time to spend in God’s Word which will result in a desire to respond to God in prayer? Prayer and God’s Word go together as the psalmist exemplifies in Psalm 119:4-5.

As we look at the broken world around us socially and feel the intensity of the political pressures—we should be moved to pray. When leaders fail or fall, we should be moved to pray. Jerry Bridges once wrote these words:

Prayer assumes the sovereignty of God. If God is not sovereign, we have no assurance that He is able to answer our prayers. Our prayers would become nothing more than wishes. But while God’s sovereignty, along with his wisdom and love, is the foundation of our trust in Him, prayer is the expression of that trust. [1]

God is sovereign over every detail and he controls the ruler’s heart—turning it whatever way he so desires. Let us remember these words and follow in the footsteps of faithful men like the psalmist who points us to the sufficient Word and exemplifies a life of consistent prayer.

  1. Jerry Bridges, Trusting God, (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 1988), 107.


Lessons of Prayer—Both Positive and Negative

Lessons of Prayer—Both Positive and Negative

In Acts 12, we find a very important scene of a persecuted church and a praying church. It was the persecution that precipitated the prayer—and what happens in this record of church history is vitally important regarding the practice of prayer within our local church today.

It has been said of prayer by Charles Spurgeon, “Prayer girds human weakness with divine strength, turns human folly into heavenly wisdom, and gives to troubled mortals the peace of God. We know not what prayer can do.” Prayer is of great importance in the Christian journey! We see prayer in both the Old and New Testaments – and prayer is a privilege we enjoy not a task we must do. One of the most neglected forms of worship is the faithful practice of prayer. This is not true of just the individual believer—but also of the church as a whole. Far too often, the prayers of the gathered church are shallow, short, and more horizontal than vertical in nature. We have much to learn about prayer.

At the beginning of Acts 12, we find that Herod was persecuting Christians. He had killed John, the brother of James, with a sword. He was violently persecuting the church—and during this outburst of violence upon God’s people—Peter was arrested and imprisoned. It was likely that Herod was planning to use Peter as an example by killing him as well. However, something very interesting happened.

The Church Gathered for Prayer

We are living in days where prayer meetings are becoming a thing of the past. Unfortunately, the prayer meeting should be central to the life of the church. Apparently, as persecution was heating up against God’s people—the church gathered for prayer. They didn’t turn to social media for prayer nor did they just pray with a few random friends. They gathered as a church specifically for prayer (Acts 12:5, 12). It would do us well to notice that the church had gathered to pray late in the evening or they prayed until it was very late. We derive this from the text as Peter was already asleep between two soldiers when the angel appeared to him (Acts 12:6). This is critically important to see and a pattern to follow. How much more healthy would our churches be today if we gathered as a church for prayer?

Today, the church will gather for all sorts of reasons—many of which center on some sort of entertainment factor. Yes, even religious gatherings can be centered on entertainment. This comes in form of singing, special preachers for special services, and other special events including athletics and more. It’s a sad testimony of our day when prayer meetings are being canceled or are so poorly attended that leaders are considering canceling them altogether. The church received the Holy Spirit as they were gathered in the upper room praying. Here in Acts 12, the church was gathered together for prayer. We need to pray together and for one another. That’s the testimony of the church from the beginning. A healthy church will be a praying church.

Did the Church Refuse to Believe God Would Answer?

While we can learn much from the how the early church gathered for prayer, we can likewise learn some patterns to avoid—such as the one found in this very section. As the church gathered for the purpose of prayer and as they lifted up their voices to God for their brother Peter who was imprisoned—little did they know that God dispatched an angel to the cell of Peter who woke him up and miraculously delivered him from the heavily guarded cell. As they prayed—Peter was leaving the prison under the shadow of night and by nothing short of a miraculous intervention and deliverance.

When Peter arrived at the home of Mary—the mother of John Mark—where the church was praying, he knocked and a servant girl named Rhoda gave the report that Peter was at the gate. They didn’t believe the report. In fact, they went as far as to say, “You are out of your mind” (Acts 12:15). The insisted that if anything, it was the “angel” or “spirit” of Peter. In short, they refused to believe that God had heard their prayers and had delivered Peter out of prison safely. They chose to believe the worst—that Peter had been killed. Suddenly, they were reunited with Peter and their doubts were overcome by the reality of God’s answered prayer.

It was George Muller who said, “I have joyfully dedicated my whole life to the object of exemplifying how much may be accomplished by prayer and faith.” In commenting on this passage, Thomas Watson said, “The angel fetched Peter out of prison, but it was prayer that fetched the angel.” We can learn both how to pray and how not to pray by reading Acts 12. Be encouraged to pray and trust the Lord who not only hears the cries of his people but answers our prayers in accordance with his perfect will for his eternal glory.


Do You Have an Epaphras?

Do You Have an Epaphras?

Every church would do well to have one, but far too often they labor in secret and are seldom recognized, but how beneficial it is for a church to have a man who labors in prayer on behalf of the church. That was the case for the church in Colossae—and as Paul closed out his letter to them, he named Epaphras and pointed out how he was a faithful servant in prayer.

Consider the purpose of Epaphras’ prayers. He wasn’t praying superficial prayers, but rather the kind of prayers that truly need to be prayed in the life of a local church. According to Paul, Epaphras struggled in his prayers. The word he used “ἀγωνίζομαι” which we translate “struggle” can mean “to fight” or “to engage in a contest.” The idea is to engage with a passionate zeal. This is not a light and easy prayer!

Prayers for Spiritual Maturity

Far too often many churches are praying for growth, but it’s numerical rather than spiritual growth that seems to be the focus. While we should pray for numerical growth, the foundation that such growth stands upon is spiritual growth. Epaphras spent time praying for the church in Colossae to become strong and complete—fully developed in their spiritual growth.

When was the last time you could see noticeable growth in your spiritual life? Sure, we set goals for physical health and we work to maintain or to stretch ourselves to hit our mark with weight loss, muscle gain, or whatever the category may be, but when was the last time you noticed spiritual growth? Have you set goals for your own personal prayer life? What about your knowledge of God through the Bible? When was the last time you spent time memorizing verses of Scripture in your personal study of the Bible? Bible memory is not just for children—right?

We need hearts that are zealous about reaching unbelievers and seeing our church grow numerically, but we must labor to see our church grow spiritually. It’s precisely this spiritual maturity that develops love for one another and when immaturity is defeated we learn to forgive one another, serve alongside one another, and overcome hidden sins that have been hindering us for many years.

Will you pray for your church in this way? Will you labor to see your church (including yourself in that category) pursue God with such passion that it results in a great deal of spiritual maturity?

Prayers for Satisfaction in God’s Will

One of the greatest truths we can learn is that we must find our true satisfaction in God. This present evil world will fail us and will never truly satisfy us. We must find our true joy and delight in God, and not just in the knowledge of God’s perfection and holiness, but in a complete satisfaction of God’s will.

Jesus taught us to pray in the model prayer, “let your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.” We must pray for God’s will to be done, and we must find our satisfaction in God through Jesus Christ. Epaphras struggled in prayer for the church in Colossae to be fully assured in all the will of God. This involves contentment in the secret will of God and delight in the revealed will of God. This will include a peace in the midst of storms and strength during the waves of persecution. No matter what God’s will may be—we must learn to be fully satisfied in our God.

Do you pray for your church in this way? Do you have an Epaphras in your church? Imagine how your church could benefit from a man who struggled in prayer for his church. Far too many people today spend time complaining about their church rather than praying for their church. Imagine the difference that such a struggling prayer can do in the life of a church family.

Colossians 4:12 — Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ Jesus, greets you, always struggling on your behalf in his prayers, that you may stand mature and fully assured in all the will of God.

Learning to Pray from Jesus

Learning to Pray from Jesus

When I was in high school, one summer my parents paid money for me to go off to a summer camp for track and cross country runners. It was a special camp held at the University of North Carolina where we would sit under the teaching of an accomplished coach, workout, and be evaluated on form, style, diet, and other key aspects to a distance runner’s performance. The whole experience was beneficial and full of great memories. One thing I can remember is that the coach would put our video on the screen and work with us to explain how we should improve in our form and it really helped me become a better athlete.

Imagine sitting at the feet of Jesus in the “Sermon on the Mount” found in Matthew 5-7. The focus of the sermon is the difference between true righteousness and the fleshly righteousness of the religious establishment of the day. In that sermon, Jesus teaches many different things, but one thing he explains is way the children of God should pray. Imagine learning to pray from Jesus himself.

Jesus prayed often during his earthly ministry. We find him praying before his betrayal (Matt. 26:36-56), in his high priestly prayer (John 17), and on the cross (Mark 15:34) as just a few examples. However, in Matthew 6:5-15, we don’t find Jesus praying to the Father himself, instead, he’s providing a model prayer for the disciples to follow. He begins with examples to avoid, and then moves to the model prayer.

Interestingly enough, in the model prayer, Jesus does something at the beginning that should help us in how we pray. He doesn’t begin by focusing on the physical needs of people around them. He doesn’t begin by pointing them to pray for those who are sick or experiencing the pain of disease. He begins by pointing them to God. In other words, he begins with a vertical approach before he moves to the horizontal aspects of people.

How often it is that we gather for prayer with our church family or small groups and focus our entire prayer time on the physical needs of people without any serious desire to make much of God’s name. Imagine picking up your church’s prayer sheet and seeing a request at the top that states, “Please make much of God’s name among the people of our church for he is worthy of all praise and adoration.” Would that be abnormal or would it be normal?

Jesus begins his model prayer with these words:

Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name” (Matt. 6:9).
Jesus says we should begin by saying, “hallowed” by your name. The word hallowed, “ἁγιασθήτω” means to “dedicate, make holy, or sanctify.” The idea is that God’s name should be reverenced and set apart from every other name in our language, speech, and this life. The idea is that God is holy and should be highly reverenced as the most important and truly worshipped by his people.
As a formula, some have suggested the prayer acronym ACTS to help in how we approach God in prayer:
  • Adoration: Praise God for who he is and for his divine attributes.

  • Confession: In a transparent manner, make confession of personal sin before God.

  • Thanksgiving: Take time to thank God for the many blessings, both physical and spiritual, that he’s given you in this life and that you long for in eternity.

  • Supplication: Pray for the needs of others and yourself.

Whether or not you use a set formula like ACTS, you and I are called to adore and praise God for his holiness, sovereignty, and grace. While we should spend time praying for the physical needs of our loved ones and church members, we should spend much time praising God for his character, his steadfast love, his faithfulness, his holiness, his power, and his saving grace.

Consider the reality that the Psalms are poetic arrangements of prayers to be sung and prayed to God. As we read those prayers and consider how often the Psalmist makes much of God as a rock and refuge and adores his holy name—we should follow in those same footsteps when we pray.

Prayer is a privilege. We have an audience with the King of the Universe. God is interested  in the needs of his people, and he is worthy of the praise of his people. Prayer aligns our will with God’s will and points us to our utter dependence upon him.

Praise God!

Praying Through Philippians

Praying Through Philippians

Last night, we gathered for our evening service and we did something that we don’t typically do for worship or a regular prayer service. We gathered for prayer and we read through the entire letter of Philippians with specific congregational prayers at the conclusion of each chapter. Not only was it a blessing to read through the entire letter of Philippians—it was an added joy to pray together as a church in a holistic manner.

We began with the reading of Philippians 1 by David Crowe, one of our elders, who then followed up with a prayer for church unity as he prayed through the emphasis of the first chapter. As David read and prayed through Philippians 1—he emphasized the point Paul was making in Philippians 1:27–28, “Only let your manner of life be worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit, with one mind striving side by side for the faith of the gospel, and not frightened in anything by your opponents. This is a clear sign to them of their destruction, but of your salvation, and that from God.”

I read through Philippians 2, and then led the church in a prayer for the elders and their families. One of the joys of my life is serving with faithful elders who love the Lord and have a passion to serve our local church. It is likewise a joy to see how each one of my fellow elders have a driving focus on personal sanctification and a desire to see their families grow in holiness. I see this in their families, their wives, and their children. As I prayed, I quoted Paul’s words to the church at Philippi as he commended Timothy to them by saying:

I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you soon, so that I too may be cheered by news of you. For I have no one like him, who will be genuinely concerned for your welfare. For they all seek their own interests, not those of Jesus Christ. But you know Timothy’s proven worth, how as a son with a father he has served with me in the gospel. I hope therefore to send him just as soon as I see how it will go with me, and I trust in the Lord that shortly I myself will come also (Phil. 2:19-24).

It was my desire to commend my fellow elders to the church publicly and to remind the church that we have a group of men who love them and desire to faithfully serve them in the gospel of Christ providing them with spiritual leadership and careful oversight. This too is my desire—to care for God’s sheep rather than just being a talking head in the pulpit.

Another elder, Buck Braswell, led the church in reading through Philippians 3 and a public prayer for the deacons of our church. He began by thanking God for the faithful men who serve our church in the office of deacon and how they meet the qualifications on 1 Timothy 3. Furthermore, he emphasized the fact that they have a desire to be faithful examples within the church. Just as Paul was urging the church at Philippi to walk in a manner that honors God in Philippians 3:17-20. This is not only essential for the elders, but also for those who serve the church in the office of deacon.

Finally, as a means of conclusion, I was able to lead the church in a reading of Philippians 4 followed by a prayer for our church’s unity as we were engaging in a time of business following our time in prayer. We were going to hear from the church in an official congregational vote to affirm the recommendation of our elders regarding a new pastoral candidate who will be coming on to serve alongside us. I led the church in praying for this candidate, his family, and our church as a whole as we engaged in this important decision. We asked for God’s will to be done and for the Lord to be honored.

It was a joy to pray and to read publicly the entire letter of Philippians together as a church. As elders, we have been exploring ways to pray together more as a church family with intentionality focused on praising God, instructing children in how to pray, and to lift up petitions to God on behalf of our entire church family. Last night was a blessing, and something that I would encourage you and your church to consider as well.